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Mahabub Nagar at a glance

The district has a total population of 30,77,050 persons (1991 Census). Mahabubnagar district has biggest rural population in A.P with 89 % of the population live in rural areas. Mahabubnagar district head quarter population is the smallest in A.P with 3.5 lakhs. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population of the district as per 1991 census is about 17% and 7.4% respectively.

The decennial growth rate of population of the district is 25.76% in comparison to 23.91% of the state between the period 1981 and 1991. The density (population per sq. km.) of the population of the district is 167 in relation to 241 in the state.

The sex ratio (females per 1000 males) in the district is 973 as per 1991 census.

The literacy rate (excluding 0-6 years age group) of the different group in the district according to 1991 census is in Table-1.

Table-1. Literacy rate in Mahabubnagar

Persons Males Females
Total 29.58 40.80 18.03
Rural 25.22 36.29 13.87
Urban 63.33 75.16 50.79

Main languages spoken in the district are Telugu, Urdu and Hindi.

Approximately 90% of the population of the district are Hindus and 9% are Muslims.

In 1991, Mahabubnagar district comprised of 64 mandals. There are 11 towns and 1,545 villages (1476 inhabited villages and 69 uninhabited villages).

Mahabubnagar city  Longitude - 077 56' East, Latitude:16 46' North

MANDALS OF MAHABUBNAGAR DISTRICT

Mandal Code Mandal 
Name
1 KODANGAL
2 BOMRASPETA
3 KOSGI
4 DOULATABAD
5 DAMARAGIDDA
6 MADDUR
7 KOILKONDA
8 HANWADA
9 NAWABPET
10 BALANAGAR
11 KONDURG
12 FAROOQNAGAR
13 KOTHUR
14 KESHAMPETA
15 TALAKONDAPALLE
16 AMANGAL
17 MADGUL
18 VANGOOR
19 VELDANDA
20 KALWAKURTHY
21 MIDJIL
22 THIMMAJIPETA
Mandal Code Mandal 
Name
23 JADCHERLA
24 BHOOTHPUR
25 MAHBUBNAGAR
26 ADDAKAL
27 DEVARKADARA
28 DHANWADA
29 NARAYANPET
30 UTKOOR
31 MAGANOOR
32 MAKTHAL
33 NARVA
34 CHINNA CHINTA KUNTA
35 ATMAKUR
36 KOTHAKOTA
37 PEDDAMANDADI
38 GHANPUR
39 BIJINAPALLE
40 NAGAR KURNOOL
41 TADOOR
42 TELKAPALLE
Mandal Code Mandal 
Name
43 UPPUNUNTHALA
44 ACHAMPETA
45 AMRABAD
46 BALMOOR
47 LINGAL
48 PEDDAKOTHAPALLE
49 KODAIR
50 GOPALPETA
51 WANAPARTHY
52 PANGAL
53 PEBBAIR
54 GADWAL
55 DHARUR
56 MALDAKAL
57 GHATTU
58 AIZA
59 WADDEPALLE
60 ITIKYAL
61 MANOPADU
62 ALAMPUR
63 VEEPANGANDLA
64 ,KOLLAPUR


DISTRICT: MAHABUBNAGAR
Headquarters: Mahabubnagar

  Unit    
Area Sq.km. 18432.00 Census 1991
Population '000 3077.05 "
Male '000 1559.62 "
Female '000 1517.43 "
Urban '000 342.19 "
Rural '000 2734.86 "
Population Growth (p.a) % 2.59 "
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km) Nos. 167.00 "
Urbanisation % 11.12 "
Literacy % 29.58 "
Male % 40.80 "
Female % 18.03 "
Workers as % of total population % 50.20 "
Workers % of main Workers
Agriculture & allied activities % 83.40 "
Mining & Quarrying % 0.34 "
Mfg.(Non-household) industries % 3.56 "
Household industries % 1.86 "
Construction % 1.05 "
Services % 9.79 "
Forest Area as % of reporting area % 14.46 1997-98
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area % 23.82 "
Value of output of major crops
Per capita food grain production Kg. 110.00 "
Road length per 100 sq.km. Km. 54.73 1996-97
Railway route length per 100 sq.km. Km. 0.57 "
Post offices per 100,000 persons No. 27.46 "
Bank branches per 100,000 persons No. 6.24 1994-95
Per capita bank deposits Rs. 1229.33 "
Per capita bank credit Rs. 893.58 "
Per capita bank credit to agriculture Rs. 423.23 "
Per ha. bank credit to agriculture Rs. 1868.00 "
Per capita bank credit to SSIs Rs. 41.34 "
Per capita bank credit to Industries Rs. 229.54 "
MAJOR CROPS 1997-98
C R O P Area as % of District total Quantity(In '000 Tonnes) Value as % of District Total  
Rice 13.2 179   1997-98
Jowar 22.67 79   "
Cotton * 8.32 52   "
Turmeric N N   "
Maize 3.01 55   "
Arhar 5.16 6   "
Chillies 1.15 11   "
Sugar cane N 2   "
Sesame 0.14 N   "
* (Lint '000 bales of 170 Kgs) N=Negligible

Source- Andhrapradesh.com

The district may be physiographically divided into more or less two distinct regions, the plains region with low lying scattered hills and the extensive Amarabad-Farhabad plateau, a continuous range of hills, of an average, elevation of about 800 meters, extending more or less, east-west along the Krishna river on the southern boundary of the district. The hill range is interspersed by several deep valleys, which are almost inaccessible from the plains.

The forests in this district are known to contain timber trees like bijasal (pterocarpus marsupiun), Nalla maddi (terminalia tomentosa), Eppa (Hardwickia binata), ebony, teak, babul (Acacia arabica), mango and tamarind. The forest consists of brushwood, tarvar (cassia auriculata) and other plants used for fuel.

Two important rivers, viz. Krishna and Tungabhadra flow through the district. The Krishna river enters Andhra Pradesh in Makthal taluk of this district and covers Makthal, Gadwal, Atmakur, Wanaparthi, Kollapnr, Alampur and Achampet taluks. The Tungabhadra flows through the taluks of Gadwal and Alampur. The Dindi River, which is a tributary of the Krishna flows through Kalvakurthi and Achampet and joins the Krishna River, 18 miles east of Chandragiri. Pedavagu and Chinavagu are the other tributaries of the Krishna in the district.

The principle foodgrain crops in Mahabubnagar district are rice, jowar, bajra and ragi while, the principle commercial crops are groundnut, castor, chillies and tobacco. Red-gram is the major pulse crop.

Mahabubnagar district is industrially backward and generally cottage and village industries are prevalent. In respect of large scale industries, the district is rather poor. During the decade 1971 progress was made in this field, due to the government policy of extending concessions to the enterpreneurs to start industries. Self-employment schemes for the educated unemployed, rural artisan programme, development of small scale, cottage and rural industries, establishment of industrial centres have contributed to the industrial development in the district.

Number (with percentage) of villages having one or more amenities in the district as per 1991 Census is in Table-2.

Table 2: Villages having one or more amenities in the district (1991 census)

Sl. No. Amenities Number of inhabited Villages Percentage
1. Education 1444 97.90
2. Medical 349 23.66
3. Drinking Water 1473 99.86
4. Post and Telegraph 893 60.54
5. Communications 894 60.61
6. Approach by Pucca Road 669 45.36
7. Power Supply 1463 99.12

Medical facility of one type or other is available in 349 villages of this district, which constitutes 23.66 percent of total inhabited villages.

Towns and Urban Agglomerations having population of less than one lakh: Alampur, Badepalle, Farooqnagar, Gadwal, Kollapur, Kosigi. Nagarkarnool, Narayanpet. Srisailam Project Left Flank Colony and Wanaparthi.

Cities and Urban Agglomerations having population of one lakh and above: Mahabubnagar

Rivers

 

     The important rivers are the Krishna and Tungabhadra. The Krishna enters the district in Maktal Talik and flows through Maktal, Gadwal, Atmakur, Wanaparthy, Kollapur, Atmakur, Achampet Talukas. The Tungabhadra flows through Gadwal and Alampur. Dindi is an important Tributary of the Krishna. This tributary originates in old Jadcherla and flows through Kalwakurti in Achampet Taluk and joins the Krishna 29kms away from Chandragir. Peda vagu and China vagu are the other Tributeries of Krishna.

 

Climate

 

     It is very hot in summer and pleasant in the monsoon and winter. A year can be divided into four according to climate. Summer commences in February and will continue till June.

Rains are heavy in the north of the district. Average rainfall is 754mm. Southwest monsoon accounts for full month.

 

Agriculture and Industries

 

      Red soil is more. In the some areas they are lay like, in some areas dry and some areas are sticky. In the Krishna and Tungabhadra regions black cotton soil also is seen. In Kalvakurthy, nagar Kurnool and Achampet Talukas land is with ups and downs. In the course of the river flow lands are salty. Paddy, Sugar cane and other crops requiring less water are produced here. There is a forest wealth spreading over 3.03 lakh hectors and occupies 16.44 percent are. Fine quality teak also is available in some areas. Asbestos mineral of quality crystallize is also available.  

 

Clay

 

     High quality clay is available in the east of Sri Rangapur 16kms away of the west of Shadnagar railway station.  

 

Phelspar

 

     This mineral is used in glass industry. It is available at Basanapalli, Mamunapuram, Kotakonda in Kalvakurthy Taluk.  

 

Quartz

 

     This mineral is used in glass industry. It is deposited in the pores of granite stone. The crystals of this are available 3kms northwest of Kurukunta and Tirumalapur and Challapalle and Vithal areas in Shadnagar Taluk.  

 

Literacy

 

     Mahabubnagar district has lowest literacy rate in A.P. Mahabubnagar district stood last in Inter results for consecutively last 3 years. Overall literacy rate in the district is 29.58%. Mahabubnagar Taluk stands first with 32.62 percent and Achampet Taluk stands at last with 17.68 percent. Major reason of the districts backwardness is literacy.

 

Click here for complete list of Villages and Towns in the district

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